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This article discusses the modeling and analysis of Photovoltaic (PV) modules with irradiation and temperature variations using simulation technology. Modeling is carried out on solar modules through the p-n junction principle, a PV module model with temperature independence of photocurrent sources, diode saturation currents, and series resistances based on the Shockley diode equation. The photovoltaic process of solar radiation, PV cells convert a portion of the photovoltaic potential directly into electricity with I-V and P-V output characteristics. Electromagnetic radiation from the sun's energy is converted into electricity through the photovoltaic effect. The photovoltaic module simulation process with Matlab/Simulink, is carried out to observe the performance through the I-V and P-V characteristics of the solar module. The model, which is developed in a user-friendly manner using the Simulink block, shows the results of the PV characteristics when irradiation increases, the output current increases and the output voltage also increases. This results in a net increase in power output with increased irradiation at constant temperature.
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